The word “butterfly” in various languages

German Schmetterling; Falternot from schmettern, but schlagen, an old word for “butter”; Middle High German vivalter
Dutch vlinder, vijwouter
Danish sommerfugl
Norwegian sommerfugl, fivelde
Swedish fjäril fjärran: “distant”?
French papillon from Latin
Italian farfalla from Latin
Russian бабочка (babochka) баба: “peasant woman”, бабушка (babushka): “granny”
Polish motyl
Slovenian metúlj same in Czech
Croatian leptir
Spanish mariposa posar: “to perch” or “rest”, mari- indicates “effeminate”?
Portuguese borboleta borboletear: “to flutter”, borbulhar: “to bubble”?
Greek ψυχή (psyche): “soul”; consider “spooky”
Latin papillio also means “tent”, hence also “pavilion”; see also Farsi
Romainian fluture
Latvian tauriņštaure: “trumpet” ?
Lithuanian drugelis
Scottish dalán-dé “god’s fire”
Irish féileacán
Albanian flutur
Farsi پروانه(parvâne)
Cherokee ᎧᎹᎹ(ka-ma-ma)
Navajo k’aalógii
Indonesian kupu-kupu
Hawawiian kamehameha
Sanscrit भंबीरा (bhaṅbīrī, to run swiftly)
Hindi तितली parwāna (from Persian)
Hebrew פרפר(parpur)
Arabic فراش(farâsh)
Inuktitut ᑕᕐᕋᓕᑭᑖᖅ(tarralikitaaq)
Hungarian pillangó
Finnish perhonen perhoné: “fly”?
Turkish kelebek keles: brave, beautiful; bekâr: virgin ?
Korean 나비 also means “width”
Chinese 蝴蝶 (hú tíe) The bit that’s on the the left side of each character is the radical indicating “insect” or “worm”. Each character is sometimes used independently and in combinations with other characters to connote “butterfly”.

See also Butterfly Etymology and Butterfly Etymology Cultural Entomology Digest 4.