The word “rainbow” in various languages

German Regenbogen
Danish regnbue
Swedish regnbåge
Dutch regenboog
Latvian varavīksnevaravīkšņains: “iridescent”
Lithuanian vaivorykštė
Russian радугадуга: “bow”
Slovenian
Polish Tęcza
Croatian duga a long feminine thing
Latin arcus
French arc-en-ciel“bow in the sky”
Italian arcobaleno“lightning bow”
Spanish arco iris
Portuguese arco-íris
Greek ίρις
Romainian curcubeu
Albanian ylber
Scottish bogha-frois bogha: “bow”, frois: “shower”
Irish bogha báistíbáistí: “rain”
Farsi ﺭﻨﮔﻴﻥ ﻜﻤﺎﻥ(rangin kamân)
Hawaiian Ānuenuemany types of rainbow are distinguished in Hawaiian
Indonesian pelangi
Cherokee ᎤᏅᏉᎳᏓ(u-nv-quo-la-da) there are others
Navajo nááts’íílid
Inuktitut ᑲᑕᐅᔭᖅ ᐊᔭᒍᑕᒃ(kataujaq, ajagutaq) seems there are many more
Sanskrit
Hindi मेघधनुष, इन्द्रधनुष
Hebrew קשת בשמים“sky arch”
Arabic قَوْسُ قُزَح“bow-iris”
Hungarian szivárvány
Finnish sateenkaari kaari: “bow”
Turkish gökkuşağı
Korean 무지개
Chinese 彩虹 (zǎi húng) variagated colors + iris (虹彩: “rainbow colors” or “iris”)